|Trade Names:||Sycamore, European Sycamore, English Harewood|
|Origin:||Central Europe, Atlantic coast to the Ukraine.|
|L’alburno e il durame sono poco differenziati; il legno è quasi bianco o bianco giallastro. Per effetto della luce e dell’aria ingiallisce sensibilmente. Gli anelli annuali appaiono chiaramente nel legno tardivo che è sottile e piu’ scuro. Le specchiature radiali risaltano particolarmente nel taglio sul quarto, come sottili strisce o vene lucenti. Non è particolarmente durevole ma si impregna facilmente con le usuali sostanze antisettiche.|
|Range:||Frequently found in Central Europe. Most interesting growing area for the veneer industry is Western Europe. The special figured Sycamore is to be found in Great Britain to the greatest extent.|
|Uses:||High quality veneer for architectural and furniture purposes. Generally used for all wood products where particular importance is attached to the white color. Very popular for solid tables in pubs, also used for sports equipment and tool handles. When figured it is in high demand worldwide for architectural projects.|
|Properties:||The wood is almost white. The veneer must be dried soon after slicing otherwise it will turn yellow under the influence of light and air. Heart discoloration is possible but since the logs normally have large diameters this is not such a problem. Worse is the tendency of the annual rings to develop green stripe in certain growing areas. Black pin knots occur frequently; these are so hard they can damage the knife causing scratches. This is why such pin knots are drilled out during veneer production.|
|Machining:||The wood can be machined well and easily with all tools although higher power is required due to its hardness. Planed surfaces are very smooth.|
|Seasoning:||Extra care must be taken during drying since the wood tends to check and warp very easily. Color changes can occur if dried improperly.|Trade Names: Macassar, Ebony, Marble Wood. Origin: Celebes Islands (East Indies). Range: Celebes Islands, possibly also Malukut Borneo. Uses: Highest quality architectural woodwork, inlays and musical instruments. Properties: The wood is black with contrasty stripes, often marbled. The wood has a distinct sheen and is most decorative. Machining: Despite its extreme hardness Macassar is not particularly difficult to work. Very smooth surfaces are given when planed. Sawdust should be efficiently extracted because of the risk of inflammation of the eyes and skin. Seasoning: Since Macassar is prone to checking it should be dried very slowly and carefully. It should definitely be kept out of the sun. Trade Names: Santos Rosewood. Origin: South America. Range: Brazil, Bolivia. Uses: Architectural woodwork, high class furniture making. Properties: Brought on the market earlier as a substitute wood for Rio Rosewood, this wood has established itself today on the market as highly decorative furniture wood. The lighter and more distinctive the red coloring is, the more valuable the wood. Machining: The wood can only be worked with difficulty due to the interlocking grain. Seasoning: Careful drying is recommended as there is a great risk of checking. Trade Names: Teak. Origin: Southeast Asia. Range: Occurs in India through Burma to Thailand and Vietnam. Best known countries for high quality logs are Burma and Thailand. Due to the heavy demand in the sixties, seventies and eighties the forest stands were heavily exploited which has had a strong negative effect on the quality today. Exact sorting as a result of state-controlled selling possible, especially in Burma. Today often grown in plantations although of questionable quality. Uses: Teak numbers amongst the oldest commercial lumbers. Due to its resistance to fungi and insect infestation ideal for shipbuilding. High quality wood for architectural woodwork and mass-produced furniture which went out of fashion, however, in Central Europe in the eighties and nineties. Now as before a popular wood for furniture in Scandinavia though. Properties: In the veneer trade a difference is made between Golden Teak and contrasty Teak. The wood has a slightly oily surface. Machining: As a general rule machining Teak wood presents no problems. Mineral deposits in the wood have a severe dulling effect on tools. Very smooth surfaces can be achieved by using carbide-tipped tools. Seasoning: The wood has to be dried slowly and carefully but no particular problems are involved. There is no tendency to check or warp. Trade Names: Sucupira, Coeur Dehors. Origin: South America. Range: Primarily in Brazil but also in the northern parts of South America, Venezuela and Guyava. Uses: Sliced veneer, engineering and construction lumber for all interior and exterior applications, windows, doors, parquet flooring, furniture. Properties: The heartwood is red to brown-red with light yellow lines. It is most resistant to fungi, insect attack and the weather. The wood is hard, heavy, tough and dense. Machining: Sucupira is not easy to work due to its extreme hardness and its frequently irregular or interlocked grain. To be recommended are carbide-tipped tools. The wood splits down the edges at too high a feed speed. Seasoning: Sucupira must not be dried too quickly because it is very prone to checking and warping. Too high temperatures cause surface checking and even case hardening. Trade Names: Red Gum, Satin Walnut. Origin: United States. Range: From southern Connecticut to Central Florida, and up to eastern Texas but growing primarily along the Mississippi River basin and the Gulf states.Grows up to 30 m tall with diameters reaching up to 3. Uses: The figured (or flamed) heartwood is very valuable in veneer form where it is used architecturally worldwide. Properties: The sapwood is cream-colored and relatively uniform-looking; the heart wood is of a reddish to dark-brown color both of which can alternate within one single log, thus creating a beautiful marble-like effect. When working up the sap and heart wood together, an extremely decorative result is obtained. The heart wood often has a silky sheen. Machining: The wood can easily be worked with all tools. Seasoning: The wood is highly prone to checking and warping and drying must be done slowly and carefully. Even after fitting-in, strong distortion of the wood may occur in case of variations in temperature.